How old are you?
I’m twenty-one years old.
My brother is not quite twenty-five.
John is not fourty-five yet, is he?
Mr. Smith is still in his fifties.
I’m two years older than you are.
My brother is two years younger than I am.
How many are there in your family?
There are seven of us altogether.
My sister is the oldest.
I’m the youngest.
Guess how old I am.
I’d say you’re about twenty-three.
I was thirty on my last birthday.
I’m going to be sixty-one next Tuesday.
Making Subjects and Verbs Agree
This handout gives you several guidelines to help your subjects and verbs agree.
1. When the subject of a sentence is composed of two or more nouns or pronouns connected by and, use a plural verb.
She and her friends are at the fair.
2. When two or more singular nouns or pronouns are connected by or or nor, use a singular verb.
The book or the pen is in the drawer.
3. When a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by or or nor, the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is nearer the verb.
The boy or his friends run every day.
His friends or the boy runs every day.
4. Doesn't is a contraction of does not and should be used only with a singular subject. Don't is a contraction of do not and should be used only with a plural subject. The exception to this rule appears in the case of the first person and second person pronouns I and you. With these pronouns, the contraction don't should be used.
He doesn't like it.
They don't like it.
5. Do not be misled by a phrase that comes between the subject and the verb. The verb agrees with the subject, not with a noun or pronoun in the phrase.
One of the boxes is open
The people who listen to that music are few.
The team captain, as well as his players, is anxious.
The book, including all the chapters in the first section, is boring.
The woman with all the dogs walks down my street.
6. The words each, each one, either, neither, everyone, everybody, anybody, anyone, nobody, somebody, someone, and no one are singular and require a singular verb.
Each of these hot dogs is juicy.
Everybody knows Mr. Jones.
Either is correct.
7. Nouns such as civics, mathematics, dollars, measles, and news require singular verbs.
The news is on at six.
Note: the word dollars is a special case. When talking about an amount of money, it requires a singular verb, but when referring to the dollars themselves, a plural verb is required.
Five dollars is a lot of money.
Dollars are often used instead of rubles in Russia.
8. Nouns such as scissors, tweezers, trousers, and shears require plural verbs. (There are two parts to these things.)
These scissors are dull.
Those trousers are made of wool.
9. In sentences beginning with there is or there are, the subject follows the verb. Since there is not the subject, the verb agrees with what follows.
There are many questions.
There is a question.
10. Collective nouns are words that imply more than one person but that are considered singular and take a singular verb, such as: group, team, committee, class, and family.
The team runs during practice.
The committee decides how to proceed.
The family has a long history.
My family has never been able to agree.
In some cases, a sentence may call for the use of a plural verb when using a collective noun.
The crew are preparing to dock the ship.
This sentence is referring to the individual efforts of each crew member. The Gregg Reference Manual provides excellent explanations of subject-verb agreement (section 10: 1001).
11. Expressions such as with, together with, including, accompanied by, in addition to, or as well do not change the number of the subject. If the subject is singular, the verb is too.
The President, accompanied by his wife, is traveling to India.
All of the books, including yours, are in that box.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/21ساعت 10:45 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Count and Noncount Nouns: Basic Rules
Adjectives with Countable and Uncountable Nouns
The Basic Rules: Count and Noncount Nouns
A count noun is one that can be expressed in plural form, usually with an "s." For example, "cat—cats," "season—seasons," "student—students."
A noncount noun is one that usually cannot be expressed in a plural form. For example, "milk," "water," "air," "money," "food." Usually, you can't say, "He had many moneys."
Count and Noncount Nouns with Adjectives
Most of the time, this doesn't matter with adjectives. For example, you can say, "The cat was gray" or "The air was gray." However, the difference between a countable and uncountable noun does matter with certain adjectives, such as "some/any," "much/many," and "little/few."
Some/Any: Some and any countable and uncountable nouns.
"There is some water on the floor."
"There are some Mexicans here."
"Do you have any food?"
"Do you have any apples?"
Much/Many: Much modifies only uncountable nouns. Many modifies only countable nouns.
"We don't have much time to get this done."
"Many Americans travel to Europe."
Little/Few: Little modifies only uncountable nouns.
"He had little food in the house."
"The doctor had little time to think in the emergency room."
Few modifies only countable nouns.
"There are few doctors in town."
"Few students like exams."
Other basic rules
A lot of/lots of:A lot of/lots of are informal substitutes for much and many. They are used with uncountable nouns when they mean much and with countable nouns when they mean many.
"They have lots of (much) money in the bank."
"A lot of (many) Americans travel to Europe."
"We got lots of (many) mosquitoes last summer."
"We got lots of (much) rain last summer."
A little bit of:A little bit of is informal and always precedes an uncountable noun.
"There is a little bit of pepper in the soup."
"There is a little bit of snow on the ground."
Enough: Enough modifies both countable and uncountable nouns.
"There is enough money to buy a car."
"I have enough books to read."
Plenty of: Plenty of modifies both countable and uncountable nouns.
"They have plenty of money in the bank."
"There are plenty of millionaires in Switzerland."
No: No modifies both countable and uncountable nouns.
"There is no time to finish now."
"There are no squirrels in the park."
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/21ساعت 10:42 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Life is just a bowl of cherries
Life is full of happiness and pleasure
Like a bull in a china shop
A clumsy or tactless person
Lock the stable door after the horse has bolted
Once a mistake has been made or an error committed, it's too late to take precautions to prevent it from happening.
The longest day must have an end
All difficult jobs or situations also have an end.
Losers weepers, finders keepers
If someone loses something, he weeps -- but if someone finds it, he keeps it.
Love me, love my dog
If we want a person's friendship we must accept him totally, faults and all.
Many hands make light work
Many people sharing a job or tasks make easier work of it.
The mountain labors and brings forth a mouse
To work hard and long on a project that turns out to be pretty useless.
Opportunity only knocks once
Seize an opportunity when it occurs for it may never happen again.
An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure
It is even better to be cautious and prevent a misfortune or an accident from happening.
Possession is nine points of the law
In disputes over property ownership, the person in possession of something is sometimes said to have nine-tenths a chance of winning it in a legal argument
Promises are like pie crust
Most promises cannot be kept
Put a quart into a pint pot Doing something that's impossible
The rain falls on the just and the unjust alike No matter how good or bad a person, he must still face the everyday problems that confront us all.
The sins of the fathers will be visited upon the children People will be punished for the wrongs committed by their parents, forefathers, or those who have preceded them.
Someone's bark is worse than his bite People sometimes bark but in time we learn they're not always as frightening as they seem.
The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak To do something unworthy just because it gives you the pleasure
A stitch in time saves nine By taking immediate action we can prevent a fault, damage or trouble from getting worse
A straw will show which way the wind blows A small incident can reveal an important event
Teach an old dog new tricks It is impossible to change someone's ways or habits, especially if he is old and resists change
That's where the shoe pinches That's the source or cause of a problem or an annoyance
There are none so blind as those that will not see People ,who never admit they might be wrong, refuse to listen to the opinions or ideas of anyone
There are none so deaf as those who will not hear People sometimes hear only what they want to hear
There's more than one way to skin a cat There is more than one way of getting a job done
The thin end of the wedge That something can appear to be small and of no particular importance - yet it can turn out to be the beginning of a major problem.
A thing of beauty is a joy forever It means that though something beautiful may not last, the happy memory of it will live forever.
Time heals old wounds The passing of time helps us to forget things that have caused us pain or made us unhappy.
The truth will out Truth about something will eventually be discovered or made known
Turn up like a bad penny Something or someone disliked just won't go away
Two wrongs do not make a right If a person does something to harm or offend us, that's wrong. If we do something to harm them back, that's wrong too.
Uneasy is the head that wears the crown Notable or important people are often concerned about losing their positions.
Waste not, want not If we're careful and waste nothing we'll never go without things we need.
The way to a man's heart is through his stomach Most men love to eat so feed your husband well and he will always love you.
Wear out one's welcome One is no longer welcome, usually because he has become a nuisance
When poverty comes in the door, love flies out the window As soon as a happily married couple begin having financial problems and the bills pile up their love will disappear.
Who keeps company with wolves, will learn to howl If we associate with bad companions we, too, will become bad
You pays your money and you takes your chances A humorous way of saying that we sometimes must trust in luck when buying something.
Prosperity makes friends, adversity tries them If you are rich and successful, you will attract many friends, but if you should suffer hardship or have misfortune ( adversity ), your friends will quickly depart
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/21ساعت 10:39 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
مونه مکالمات انگلیسی
برای نمونه مکالمات بیشتر بر روی لینک های زیر کلیک کنید. موفق باشید
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:33 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
برای خواندن داستان های بیشتر بر روی لینک ها ی زیر که نام داستان ها هستند،کلیک کنید.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:28 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Hi! That's an interjection. :-)
"Interjection" is a big name for a little word. Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Um or Ah! They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing. When interjections are inserted into a sentence, they have no grammatical connection to the sentence. An interjection is sometimes followed by an exclamation mark (!) when written.
Here are some interjections with examples:
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:25 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Say or Tell?
Say and tell have similar meanings. They both mean to communicate verbally with someone. But we often use them differently.
The simple way to think of say and tell is:
But, of course, it is not always so easy. Here are a few rules to help you.
Say "to someone"
We can use say with direct questions, but we cannot use tell:
We cannot use say or tell to talk about reported questions. We must use ask (or a similar verb):
Right and wrong
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:23 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
With derivational suffixes, the new word has a new meaning, and is usually a different part of speech. But the new meaning is related to the old meaning - it is "derived" from the old meaning.
We can add more than one suffix, as in this example:
derive (verb) + tion = derivation (noun) + al = derivational (adjective)
There are several hundred derivational suffixes. Here are some of the more common ones:
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:23 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Be careful. Some contractions can have two or three meanings. For example, he'd can be he had or he would. It depends on the rest of the sentence. Look at these examples:
The contraction 's (= is or has) is not used only with pronouns. It can also be used with nouns, names, question words and words like "here" and "there", for example: The train's late. John's arrived. Where's the phone? Here's your change. There's a policeman.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:19 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
With the verb "to be", two negative forms are possible - we aren't or we're not etc.
In questions, am not is contracted to aren't, for example: I'm late, aren't I?
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:17 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Informal contractions are short forms of other words that people use when speaking casually. They are not exactly slang, but they are a little like slang.
For example, "gonna" is a short form of "going to". If you say "going to" very fast, without carefully pronouncing each word, it can sound like "gonna".
Please remember that these are informal contractions. That means that we do not use them in "correct" speech, and we almost never use them in writing. (If you see them in writing, for example in a comic strip, that is because the written words represent the spoken words or dialogue.) We normally use them only when speaking fast and casually, for example with friends. Some people never use them, even in informal speech.
It is probably true to say that informal contractions are more common in American English.
Also note that, unlike normal contractions, we do not usually use apostrophes (') with informal contractions when written.
On the right are some common informal contractions, with example sentences. Note that the example sentences may be a little artificial because when we use a contraction we may also use other contractions in the same sentence, or even drop some words completely. For example:
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 6:16 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 1:45 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 1:28 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
In the name of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful
Look within and around you. Contemplate, ponder and think.God said in Quran 45 Verse 3 “...the heavens and the earth are full of signs for the believers..”.God, expressing His infinite love through nature so beautifully woven spreading on the face of the entire universe above and below.The beauty of it all just amazes me but have we ever take time to ponder?
When your love for God is immensely strong, you see God in all that you do, in all that there is and in all that ever will be. Travelling to work 1 hour daily can be a hectic and tiring schedule for some.For me, it is a journey of new discoveries in the horizon pondering the signs of God. Awesome mountain view with formation of clouds clinging at its tip and carpets of green grass spreading the entire fields and trees emerging its bountiful leaves seems like an ‘eyemo’ to my sight. Its enchanting beauty is beyond imagination.Trees with coloured redolent flowers spreading all over its branches and clinging on to each other thus creating illuminating beauty and the wind that brushes the trees creating a rhapsody of rhyme lingering in my ears, branches clutching each other at the sides of the road forming a cave like quintessential sanctuary....just magnificent! Such is the vast richness and abundance of God’s creation. Such is His state of the art expressing His passion of lullaby beauty blossoming and cascading the entire universe.Suddenly, a sparkle of epiphancy transcend and triggers my heart from a mystical standpoint of view that can only be esoteric.
With faith in God and bonds that we bind with each other despite genders and religion, we will be able to create a peace filled world and a transformational multitudes of freedom, joy, unity, harmony and peace build so strongly none could separate us.This should be our legacy.A legacy we must carry from generation to generation. Generations that are filled with faith and wisdom.And with that, we shall prosper and be divinely guided if we cling on to God’s faith and with His infinite love shining upon us, we can move mountains.
As we lift our God consciousness, we know there is nothing that we cannot understand nor overcome or change. You know you have the power, strength and energy to do whatever you need to do, and the courage to move forward in faith.
Life is meant to be lived lovingly, abundantly, fully, joyously, positively, and victoriously just like the trees.Lift your consciousness and let your horizons expand to opening new possibilities. Be better than before; see more clearly the vast prosperity and abundance that is ready for you now. As you lift your vision and to the higher conciousness of God within you, you see the beauty and upliftment of a joyous life, and there is new light shining upon your path.Your path of wondrous values.Such is God’s infinite love for us.
“Lift your God consciousnss within you and your life will be filled with wondrous values”
By Sallina Ismail
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 1:26 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
سری بازی های آنلاین آموزش زبان
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 1:6 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Describing People توصیف اشخاص
1. Child-Children بچه – بچه ها
2. Baby/infant : نوزاد / کودک
3. Toddler : نوپا
4. Boy : پسر
5. Girl : دختر
6. Teenager : نوجوان
7. Adult بزگسال
8. Man-men : مرد – مردان
9. Woman-women : زن – زنان
10. Senior citizen/Elderly person : شهروند ارشد / شخص سالمند
11. Young : جوان
12. Middle-aged : میان سال
13. Old/Elderly : پیر / مسن
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 12:58 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
1 – قبل از اوقات مشخص از روز.
in the morning in the afternoon in the evening
2 – قبل از صفات عالی.
the biggest the greatest
3 – قبل از آلات موسیقی.
4 – قبل از کلمه ه ای تئاتر و سینما.
the theater the cinema
5 – قبل از اعداد ترتیبی.
the first the second
6 – در مواقع بیان مالکیت اشیاء . ( مضاف و مضاف الیه).
the wheels of the car the door of the house
7 – قبل از صفاتی که اشاره به یک گروه خاص دارند.
the lion the poor the rich the Indian
8 – قبل از اسامی سیاره ها.
the planet Mercury.
9 – قبل از اسامی منحصر به فرد در جهان.
the sun the moon the earth the sky the pyramids
10 – قبل از نام خانوادگی که به صورت جمع استفاده شده و به دو یا چند نفر از اعضای خانواده اشاره دارد.
the Johnsons the Smiths
11 – قبل از اسامی مرتبط با رسانه ها.
the media the radio the newspaper
12 – قبل از طبقات اجتماعی .
the middle class the elite the clergy
13 – قبل از اسامی مرتبط با حمل و نقل.
the bus the train the airplane the subway
14 – قبل از اسامی روزنامه ها.
the Christian Science monitor the Manchester Guardian
15 – قبل از گروه های سیاسی.
the Labor party the conservative party the communist party
16 – قبل از اسامی سازمان ها، موسسات و بنگاه ها.
the United Nations the Ford Foundation
17 – قبل از عوامل اجرایی دولتی و نظامی.
the Army the Navy the air force the State Militia the Police
18 – قبل از عنوان های دولتی.
the secretary of state the prime minister the king the mayor
19 – قبل از وقایع یا دوره های تاریخی.
The Middle Ages The Civil War The Renaissance
The First World War
20 – قبل از موقعیت های فیزیکی.
the top the bottom the center the inside the outside
21 – قبل از اسامی دانشگاه هایی که با حرف اضافه of توصیف شده اند .
the University of Notre Dame the University Of Michigan
اما Oxford University
22 – قبل از ساختمان ها.
the Empire State Building the Coliseum
23 – قبل از اسامی هتل ها.
the Statler Hotel the Carlyle Hotel
24 – قبل از اسامی کتابخانه ها و موزه ها.
the Louvre the Metropolitan Museum the Library of Congress
25 – قبل از پل ها ، تونل ها و برج های معروف.
the Brooklyn Bridge the Golden Gate Bridge the Hudson Tunnel
the Eiffel Tower
26 – قبل از اسامی دریاها ، اقیانوس ها و خلیج ها.
the Gulf of Mexico the Persian Gulf the red sea the Indian Ocean
27 – قبل از اسامی رشته کوه ها.
the Rocky Mountains the Himalaya Mountains
اما Mount Everest
28 – قبل از مجمع الجزایر.
the Hawaiian Islands
اما Coney Island
29 – قبل از جنگل ها ، بیابان ها ،شبه جزیره ها .
the Sahara Desert the Black Forest the Iberian Peninsula
30 – قبل از جهت های قطب نما ، نواحی جغرافیایی و نقاط کره ی زمین .
the South the Middle West the South Pole The Equator
31 – قبل از اسامی رودخانه های معروف جهان.
the Nile the Amazon
32 – قبل از اسامی کتب آسمانی یا خیلی مشهور.
the Bible the Quran
33 – قبل از اسامی کشورهایی که به صورت متحده یا جمهوری اداره می شود.
The United States of America the Islamic Republic of Iran
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/20ساعت 12:53 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
سلام به همه ی دوستای خوب کلاس آموزش زبان انگلیسی
حتما خیلی از شما به دلیل تاخیر های زیاد در به روز کردن وبلاگ از من ناراحت هستید . راستشو بخواهید هم یه کم گرفتار بودم و هم از اینکه مطلبی بنویسم که فقط برای پرکردن فضای وب باشه خوشم نمیاد .
خیلی وقته تو فکرم که یه پست خوب و مفید بنویسم که همه ازش استفاده کنن. گفتم حالا که تابستون داره میاد و همه وقت آزاد بیشتری دارن بهترین کار میتونه یه دوره تصویری آموزش خط باشه. این مجموعه شامل 26 ویدئو میباشد که به صورت خیلی زیبا به آموزش خط می پردازد . امیدوارم مفید باشه.
فرمت فایل ها flv میباشد . برای باز کردن از نرم افزار KMplayer استفاده کنید.
برای دریافت کافیه روی لینک های زیر کلیک کنید.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:21 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
سلام به دوستای خوب کلاس آموزش زبان انگلیسی
امیدوارم پست قبلی براتون مفید بوده باشه.
پست امروز شامل 10 ویدئوی زیبا از اصطلاحات عامیانه زبان انگلیسیه که واقعا یکی از شیرینی های یادگیری زبانه . واسه خودم که خیلی جالبه. البته همه اونایی که زبان میخونن هم علاقه خاصی به یادگیری اصطلاحات دارن. امیدوارم خوشتون بیاد. اگه تمایل داشتین که به همین ترتیب ادامه بدم ، بهم خبر بدین.
واسه دانلود کردن کافیه روی لینک های زیر کلیک کنید.
واسه نمایش فایل ها از KM player استفاده کنید.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:19 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
حتما اطلاع دارین که چه اندازه مهمه که یه کلمه یا جمله انگلیسی را درست بیان کنید . دلیلش هم اینه که خیلی از مواقع اگه استرس رو درست و سر جای خودش قرار ندیم ممکنه کلمات یا جملاتمون واسه مخاطب نامفهوم باشه. اگه فکر میکنین کمی در این قسمت از زبان دارای مشکل هستید ، این پست و پست های بعدیشو به دقت دنبال کنید.
این مجموعه شامل 16 درسه که واسه هر هفته 4 درسشو اینجا میذارم.
کافیه روی هر درس کلیک کنید تا دانلود بشه.
فراموش نکنید که فایل ها با KM player باز میشه.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:17 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
امیدوارم تا اینجا مطالب براتون مفید بوده باشه. البته همین که الان اینجایین یعنی اینکه بد نبوده . پس اگه دوست دارین بهتر بشه نظرتون بیان کنید. میدونید که اینجام کلاسه و کلاس یه طرفه هم خوب از کار در نمیاد.
یادتون نره فایلو که دانلود کردین با KM player بازش کنید.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:16 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
از اینکه ما رو فراموش نمیکنین و همچنان با ما همراهید ازتون متشکرم . ببینم وضعیت کلاس بهتر شده یا ...
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:14 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
این آخرین پست آموزش استرسه. امیدوارم این 16 درس تونسته باشه دانش قبلی شما رو تقویت کنه.
همیشه منتظر ایده های جدید شما هستم. البته واسه هفته های بعد هم از این درس ها داریم ولی کمی متفاوته. الان نمیگم چیه تا بازم بیای.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 6:13 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 10:13 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
6. The past continuous, the past perfect and the
past perfect continuous
7. The future tenses
8. Conjugations with the auxiliary
9. The subjunctive
10. Modal verbs
11. Transitive and intransitive verbs
12. The passive voice
13. Nouns: The formation of plurals
14. Singular countable nouns
15. Plural countable nouns
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:30 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
The classic definition of a noun is very well known. Most people have it memorized, "A noun is the name of a person, place or thing." In the definition, a thing also refers to an animal. A noun is a part of speech, a very important one in the English language. However, there are several different types of nouns that make a sentence. All these different types have different rules and different restraints. So, instead of spending more time on vile introductions, let's get on with the crux of the matter.
Different Types of Nouns
There are different types of nouns that are used in grammar and composition in English. They are distinguished on the basis of their nature and character.
Uncountable/ Mass Nouns
In this article we will be understanding these types of nouns with examples and explanations.
Types of Nouns : Proper Nouns
Proper nouns are names of people, places or those things that are "one and only". If the proper noun is the name of a very unique and special thing, it will be prefixed by "the". In the following statements, the words in italics are the proper nouns.
Damien is the star football player in the school.
Washington D.C is the capital of the country.
The Sun gives us light and warmth for survival.
In these statements, the first statement contains a proper noun that is the name of a person. The second statement contains a proper noun that is the name of a place. The third statement contains a proper noun that is the name of a thing.
Types of Nouns : Common Nouns
Common nouns are names of common things. A common noun is mostly prefixed with "a", as compared to the "the" for proper nouns. In the following statements, the words in italics are the Common nouns.
A pen is mightier than a sword.
He is just another regular boy.
We went to the park, on a windy summer day.
In the first statement, the common nouns are inanimate objects. In the second statement the common noun refers to a boy. It is a common noun, because there is no specification and he could be any boy. The third statement has the word "day" as a common noun. This is again due to the absence of specifications and the possibility that there could be many days like that one.
Types of Nouns : Collective Nouns
Collective nouns are those that are used to label a group of certain objects, or things. Different objects, animals, people, and things have a different term as a group. Hence, it is important to know these. In the following statements, the words in italics are the Collective nouns.
A pride of lions.
A mob of people.
A bouquet of flowers.
The first statement, refers to a group of a certain animal; lions. Different animals' groups have different names. Like it is always a HERD of cows, etc. The second statement, contains a quintessential word used to describe a group of people. Different situations require the use of different words for the same. Like, in high schools, there are CLIQUES of students. The third statement refers to a group of flowers. Different things have different words to describe them as a group. However, a group of flowers is best expressed as a bouquet.
Types of Nouns : Abstract Nouns
Abstract nouns are names of abstract things. Emotions, ideas and concepts would come in this category. These are words that cannot be definitively described or calculated. In the following statements, the words in italics are the Abstract nouns.
I think I am falling in Love.
The epiphany was overwhelming.
It was his stroke of genius.
In the first statement, the feeling of love is the noun. The second statement shows the idea of an epiphany as an abstract noun. The third statement contains the concept of genius as the noun.
Types of Nouns : Concrete Noun
Concrete nouns are those that are tangible and obvious. The concept of concrete nouns is the exact opposite of that of abstract nouns. In fact, other than abstract nouns, all nouns are concrete nouns. In the following statements, the words in italics are the concrete nouns.
Damien is the star football player in the school.
A pen is mightier than a sword.
A pride of lions.
In the first statement, the proper noun is also a concrete noun as it is a person that is existent and tangible. In the second statement, the concrete nouns are also common nouns. Both objects can be touched and felt. The third statement contains a concrete noun that is a collective noun describing a group of factual animals that can be seen, heard, smelt, touched etc.
Types of Nouns : Countable Nouns
Countable nouns are those that show its numerical status. As in, whether it is single or plural. In the following statement, the words in italics are the countable nouns.
The guys were meeting at the gym.
In the statement, the first noun is in plural state. Which refers to the fact that there is more than one guy subject to the action. The second noun is singular in state. Which shows that there is only one gym subject to the action.
Types of Nouns : Mass Nouns
These nouns are the exact opposite of countable nouns. Hence, they are often known as uncountable nouns. These nouns are words that never let out the numerical status of the subject. In the following statements, the words in italics are the mass nouns.
We need to get them some water.
The wood was burning.
The information was incomplete
The nouns in all the statements refuse to let the reader know if they are singular or plural.
Types of Nouns : Pronouns
These types of nouns are not nouns, really. They are words that replace nouns in order to avoid repetition and redundancy in a statement or conversation. They are on the basis of gender.
HE is the pronoun used for a male noun.
SHE is the pronoun used for a female noun.
IT is the pronouns used for a thing that one does not know the gender of, or that does not have a definite gender.
THEY is a pronoun used for plural nouns.
THIS is a pronoun used for a singular noun that is in the vicinity.
THESE is the pronoun used for plural nouns in the vicinity.
THAT is the pronoun used for a singular noun that is not around.
THOSE is the pronoun used for a plural noun that is not around.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:14 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Types of Adjectives
These types of adjectives add detail or description to the noun.
[In the following examples, the adjective is bold and the noun is underlined.]
When Tennessee and Connecticut first met in women's basketball in 1995, it was a nice made-for-TV game between an established power and one on the rise.
NICE describes the predicate nominative GAME and ESTABLISHED describes the object of the preposition POWER.
Note: In this sentence, ESTABLISHED is also a participle.
The tall man thought he could reach the top shelf of the bookcase.
TALL describes the subject MAN and TOP describes the direct object SHELF.
After the difficult surgery, the famous doctors to a nap.
DIFFICULT modifies the object of the preposition SURGERY and FAMOUS describes the subject DOCTOR.
A worthwhile rivalry had been born.
WORTHWHILE describes the subject RIVALRY.
Monica said, "Wow, this is a great game."
GREAT describes the predicate nominative GAME.
2. LIMITING ADJECTIVE:
These types of adjectives specify or limit the noun.
[In the following examples, the adjective is bold and the noun is underlined.]
The two teams have met every season since 1932.
TWO tells us how many TEAMS and EVERY tells us how many SEASONS.
Note: It does not describe the teams; it tells us which ones to limit our attention to.
Saturday, Oregon plays USC before what should be a sellout crowd.
SELLOUT tells us what size of crowd. A specific number would also be limiting.
Did Garret see this article that appeared in the paper?
THIS indicates which "limited" article.
Note: In this sentence, THIS is NOT a demonstrative pronoun.
Will you be sitting at the captain's table this evening?
CAPTAIN'S limits what table we are considering.
Note: This type of possessive is called a possessive noun.
This season, the two are meeting on a home-and-home basis, unusual for non-conference rivals.
HOME-AND-HOME limits the basis for meeting.
Note: We use hyphens to connect words that work together to modify the noun.
3. PREDICATE ADJECTIVE:
This is a special type of adjective that follows a linking verb and modifies (directly refers to) the subject of the sentence.
[In the following examples, the predicate adjective is bold and the subject/noun is underlined.]
People are interested in this game.
ARE is a linking verb connecting the subject PEOPLE with its descriptor of equal weight INTERESTED.
Note: The descriptor is an adjective; therefore, it is a predicate adjective. A noun would be a predicate nominative.
Watching the championship was fun.
WAS is a linking verb connecting the subject WATCHING with its descriptor of equal weight FUN.
Note: WATCHING is the form of a verb used as a noun—a gerund.
Don argues that cheering for a team can be nerve-wracking, too.
CAN BE is a linking verb connecting the subject CHEERING with its descriptor of equal weight NERVE-WRACKING.
Note: CHEERING is the form of a verb used as a noun—a gerund.
If you're not careful, the whole group is going to judge you on what you do on this day.
ARE in the contraction YOU'RE is a linking verb connecting the subject YOU with its descriptor of equal weight CAREFUL.
The two teams look very similar in the tempo that they play.
LOOK is a linking verb connecting the subject TEAMS with its descriptor of equal weight SIMILAR.
Note: TO BE is not the only linking verb.
Stan does not seem scared of them.
DOES SEEM is a linking verb connecting the subject STAN with its descriptor of equal weight SCARED.
4. VERBALS AS ADJECTIVES:
Two types of verbals can acts as adjectives. Participles are always adjectives and may end in EN, ED or ING. Infinitives (TO+VERB) may act as adjectives, adverbs or nouns.
[In the following examples, the verbal is bold and the noun it modifies is underlined.]
Playing tough defense, both teams push the ball up the floor and score a lot of points.
PLAYING modifies or describes the subject TEAMS. It is not the verb for the subject, but rather it describes the subject.
Note: PUSH and SCORE are the verbs for the subject TEAMS.
Connecticut, averaging 90.3 points, is winning by an average of 29.
AVERAGING describes CONNECTICUT. It is not the verb for the subject, but rather it describes the subject.
Note: IS WINNING is the verb for the subject CONNECTICUT.
USC, shocked by a loss to OSU in its season opener, has little hope of going to the Rose Bowl.
SHOCKED describes USC. It is not the verb for the subject, but rather it describes the subject.
Note: HAS is the verb for the subject USC.
It will be an interesting game to watch.
TO WATCH modifies the predicate nominative GAME.
5. DEGREES OF ADJECTIVES
Adjectives are used to indicate levels, degrees of intensity or comparison
high ____ base
higher ____ comparative
highest ____ superlative
When comparing two things always use the comparative. For example in a comparison between two people the correct usage would be: Bill is taller. Bill is the tallest would require that there be more than two people.
Some sources identify the articles A, AN, THE as adjectives.
The tempo of the game could reflect a track meet more than a basketball game.
Note: Use "A" before words that begin with a consonant or consonant sounds.
Tennessee no longer has Chamique Holdsclaw, twice the national player of the year.
But the Lady Vols have an outstanding combination in Tamika Catchings, Semeka Randall and Kristen Clement.
Note: Us "An" before words that begin with a vowel or vowel sound
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:12 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
با درود فراوان خدمت شما دوست داران زبان انگلیسی
از این به بعد قصد دارم در این وبلاگ به آموزش لغات پیشرفته بپردازم هر چند ممکن است شما برخی یا تمام آنها را بدانید اما ممکن است افرادی در سطوح پائین تر با این کلمات آشنایی نداشته باشند و لازم باشد که این کلمات را بدانند.
شما هم اگر کلمه ی پیشنهادی دارید در قسمت نظرات بیان کنید تابقیه دوستان هم با کلمات کاربردی بیشتری آشنا شوند.
Here we go again!
Aliment : food, something that nourishes غذا، رزق
He was required by court order to aliment the abandoned family.
Lavish : expended in large quantities; generous; extravagant باشکوه،پرخرج
presumptuous : arrogant, haughty پررو،گستاخ
He was presumptuous enough to put his hand in my pocket.
smarmy : unctuous , ingratiating چرب و نرم
His smarmy speech left no doubt that he actually felt superior to those he was meant to be praising.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:6 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Prenatal : previous to childbirth, prior to childbirth
پیش زادی ، پیش از تولد
Comprehensive prenatal medical care is vital to ensuring the health of new babies.
Cabal : A conspiratorial group of plotters or intriguers; a secret scheme or plot. توطئه ، دسیسه
She pretended that a wicked plot was being hatched against her, a cabal which would come to a head in the coming days.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:5 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
WHAT IS A DISJUNCTION?
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 8:2 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
In linguistics, the theory of universal grammar holds that there are certain fundamental grammatical ideas which all humans possess, without having to learn them. Universal grammar acts as a way to explain how language acquisition works in humans, by showing the most basic rules that all languages have to follow.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/19ساعت 7:59 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Talking about languages
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/18ساعت 6:39 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 12:51 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Introductions and courtesies =
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 12:47 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
Identifying people by accupation
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 12:44 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 12:36 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 6:22 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/17ساعت 6:19 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Greetings = Salam.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/15ساعت 7:37 PM توسط عبدالعلی |
بیان تشکر ها
I appreciate it.
از شما متشکرم
من آن را تحسین می کنم
Thanks for the tour.
Thanks for your time.
Thank you for the nice gift.
I appreciate your kindness.
برای تور متشکرم.
برای وقت گذاشتن شما متشکرم.
از شما بخاطر این کادو زیبا متشکرم. - از هدیه قشنگتان متشکرم.
من از محبت شما قدر دانی می کنم.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/15ساعت 4:1 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
خوش آمد گویی - سلام و احوال پرسی
1. سلام. چطوری.
2. Good morning.
2. صبح بخیر
بعد از ظهر بخیر
3. How are you
How are you doing
How ya doing? (Informal)
3. حالت چطوره ؟
حالت چطوره ؟
چطوری ( غیر رسمی )
4. Fine. How about you
5. Okay. Thanks.
4. خوبم. شما چطورید ؟
5. خوبم. متشکرم.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/15ساعت 3:57 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
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+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/15ساعت 3:37 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
1. Pronunciation differences in past/past participle after /p, s, k, f/ sounds
3. Spelling and pronunciation differences in –s form after /s, sh, ch, z/ sounds
4. Dropping of “silent e” with –ing endings
5. Doubled consonants after “short” vowel sounds
6. Spelling differences when “y” is preceded by a consonant
** “hang” has two different meanings and thus two usages in past/past participle
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 5:10 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Wh - Questions
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 5:3 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
There are many types of questions in English. The easiest are questions that can be
A: Are you from around here?
A: Do you come here often?
A: Can I buy you a drink?
A: Are you married?
To form a question from a statement, first count the number of verbs.
If there is one verb in the statement and the verb is a form of be, simply switch the
If there are two verbs, simply switch the positions of the subject and first verb.
If there is one verb, and the verb is not a form of be, the process is more complex.
1. Add Do to the beginning of the sentence.
2. If the main verb “carries” a third person singular s, move the s to Do, making it Does.
3. If the main verb “carries" past tense, move the past tense to Do, making it Did.
In conversation, most questions are asked of the second person (you) and answered in
A: Are you from California?
In British English, the main verb have sometimes functions like be in questions. This is
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 5:0 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Article Chart for more information.)
Singular count nouns cannot stand alone in a sentence.
Apple is on table. (Wrong!)
They must be preceded by one of the following:
1. An article (the, a, an)
An apple is on the table.
2. A number or quantifier (one, another, the other, each, every, either, neither)
Note: Never use the and another, each, every, neither, either together:
The another man was in Milwaukee. (Wrong!)
3. This, that, some*
This artist created that painting.
4. A possessive pronoun or noun.
It is my bicycle now.
Note: Do not use articles and possessives together.
The Mary’s bicycle was stolen. (Wrong!)
Proper nouns have their own article usage.
Don Smith lived next door to Dr. Zimbango.
Non-count and plural nouns can be used without articles only in the “generic” sense:
Cats are enemies of dogs.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 4:58 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
|Adverbs are used to describe actions. They may come before or after a verb, but not between a verb and its object.
Mrs. Jenner softly sang. (Also possible.)
Mrs. Jenner softly sang a lullaby.
Mrs. Jenner sang a lullaby softly.
Mrs. Jenner sang softly a lullaby. (Not correct.)
Mrs. Jenner softly is singing a lullaby. (Not correct.)
Mrs. Jenner has been softly singing that lullaby for a long time.
Some time and frequency adverbs are “movable.” That is, they can be placed at various points in a sentence.
I visited the dentist yesterday.
Jack Prompt is here already.
Jack Prompt is already here.
Even though some adverbs can be used in certain sentence positions, others can not.
I already visited the dentist. (Okay.)
Already I visited the dentist. (Not okay.)
Adverbs such as quite, very, really, extremely, and absolutely are used to modify adjectives and other adverbs.
They come directly before the words they describe.
Greg is quite happy with his new boss.
Sue eats very slowly.
You’re absolutely right!
Many adverbs can be formed by adding –ly to adjectives:
Carl runs quickly.
Some adverbs are identical to adjectives in form. Others are completely different.
Be careful with words like hardly and lately, which have no relation to the adjectives/adverbs hard and late.
|Adjectives are used to describe nouns. They give more details or information about the nouns they are associated with.
B: Well, he is tall, dark, and handsome.
A: Sounds like mine.
Adjectives can be used to answer the questions “What kind (of) … or Which one?”
B: It’s a great car. (It’s) in excellent condition.
A: What kind of seats does it have?
B: They’re very comfortable seats, (soft, plush, just like a sofa.)
A: Uh. I think I’ll sleep on it.
A: Hand me a book.
B: Which one do you want?
A: The red book. The red one.
Adjectives come before the nouns they modify (not after).
WRONG: Three hippies happy lived in the Heartquake Hotel.
When used in this manner, the adjective(s) come after the linking verb.
WRONG: My mother tall and slender. (No linking verb.)
You smell nice today. What kind of cologne are you wearing?
A: What do you want to do this weekend? Bowling…Shopping…A movie?
B: Bowling sounds good.
Tom looked greedy. (He appeared to be a greedy person.)
The adjective greedy is used to describe Tom.
Tom looked greedily at the pie on the table. (He saw it and wanted it for himself.)
The adverb greedily is used to describe Tom’s action.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 4:46 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Everyday vs. Every Day
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 4:41 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Conjunctions and Linking Words
S and S + V
N and N
Adj. and Adj.
Phrase and Phrase
Can be used in a series: A, B, C, or D
strong as the other.
They are followed by noun phrases only and cannot take on a S + V.
+ نوشته شده در 2011/8/14ساعت 4:38 AM توسط عبدالعلی |
Remember, the S - V relationship is at the “heart” of every sentence. All sentences are
|He eats.||(simple present)|
|He will eat.||(future/modal)|
|He is eating.||(continuous)|
|He has eaten.||(perfect)|
|He has been eating.||(combination)|
|He should have been eating.||(combination)|
2. Add an adverb or adverb phrase, or prepositional phrase.
He should have eaten already/ by now.
He was eating in the kitchen.
3. Add an adverbial clause.
He was eating when the bus arrived.
4. Add a participial phrase.
Having finished his homework, he ate.
5. Change the noun to a pronoun or vice versa.
6. Add an article, demonstrative, or possessive.
The man eats.
This man eats.
His father eats.
Note: Subjects and Objects may be enhanced in similar ways.
7. Add an object.
|John eats rice.|
|The man eats an apple.|
8. Add an adjective or adjectives.
|The handsome man eats.||The man eats the big, red apple.|
9. Add a prepositional phrase.
|The man in the kitchen eats.||The man eats an apple from the bowl.|
10. Add a relative (adjective) clause.
|The man who lives next door eats.||The man ate the apple that I bought.|
11. Use quantifiers.
|Some of the men eat.||They eat some of the apples.|
12. Use a noun clause.
|Whoever gets here first can eat.||He eats whichever apple he chooses.|
Enhance both the subject and the verb to make sentences more interesting.
The man who lives on the corner is eating his lunch now.
The men from the health club eat every day after working out.
The tall, green men from Mars are eating tuna sandwiches.
Some of the men ate the apples (that) I left on the table.
Whenever he feels like exercising, the fat man eats a huge meal instead.
Basic Sentence Structures
He is a doctor.
She eats rice.
The doctor is sick.
She told him a lie.
The doctor is here.
Basic Sentence Structure
There are five basic patterns around which most English sentences are built.* They are
|Jill is eating.|
|Jack will arrive next week.|
|S-V-O||Subject-Verb-Object||I like rice.|
|She loves her job.|
|He’s eating an orange.|
|S-V-Adj||Subject-Verb-Adjective||He is funny.|
|The workers are lazy.|
|Karen seems angry.|
|S-V-Adv||Subject-Verb-Adverb||Jim is here.|
|Flowers are everywhere.|
|No one was there.|
|S-V-N||Subject-Verb-Noun||She is my mom.|
|The men are doctors.|
||Mr. Jones is the teacher.|
The following sentences are examples of the S-V pattern.
|She sleeps.||Core sentence|
|She sleeps soundly.||An adverb is added to describe how she sleeps.|
|She sleeps on the sofa.||A prepositional phrase is added to tell where she sleeps.|
|She sleeps every afternoon.||A time expression is added to tell when she sleeps.|
|She is sleeping right now.||Verb tense is changed, but S-V relationship remains the same.|
|Mary will sleep later.||Subject is named and another tense is used.|
|The dogs are sleeping in the garage.||New subject may require a different form of the verb.|
The following sentences are examples of the S-V-O pattern.
|They like rice.||Core sentence|
|The people like rice.||Specific subject|
|The friendly people like rice.||Subject modified with an adjective|
|The people in the restaurant like rice.||Subject modified with an adjective|
|The people like boiled rice.||Object modified with an adjective|
|The people like hot, white rice.||Object modified with more than one adjective|
The following sentences are examples of the S-V-Adj pattern.
|He is fine.||Basic sentence with “be” verb|
|He seems happy.||Basic sentence with another linking verb|
|Jordan is tall, dark and handsome.||Series of adjectives|
|He appears very comfortable.||Adverb or intensifier added|
|George became sick last night.||Different tense and linking verb|
The following sentences are examples of the S-V-Adv pattern.
|The teacher is here.||Basic sentence|
|The teacher is over there.||Using an adverb phrase|
|Teachers are everywhere.||Plural noun and verb used|
|The teachers are in the lobby.||Prepositional phrase functioning as adverb|
The following sentences are examples of the S-V-N pattern.
|The man is a doctor.||Basic sentence|
|The women are doctors.||Using plural noun and verb|
|My father is a nice guy.||Modified subject and complement|
|My grandparents are senior citizens.||Modified plural subject and complement|
*Other, less common structures are dealt with in another unit.
عناوین مطالب وبلاگ
Hi every body.I'm Abdulali Rahemi & This is my we-blog about learning English as easy as A,B,C. I hope you enjoy it.I try to upload English grammar or vocabulary for you to helping you to learn as easy as possible.Don't forget to leave your useful comments when you visit.I'll check and answer your comments every Thursday and Friday.Thanks a million.Go ahead
آموزش زبان انگلیسی
اخبار افغانستان ,ولایات هلمند,کندهار,کابل
آرشیو پیوندهای روزانه
|نوشته های پیشین|
11/13/2013 - 11/21/2013
7/27/2013 - 8/12/2013
7/30/2013 - 8/5/2013
5/22/2013 - 5/28/2013
5/12/2013 - 5/21/2013
4/25/2013 - 5/11/2013
4/21/2013 - 4/27/2013
3/28/2013 - 4/3/2013
3/21/2013 - 3/27/2013
2/23/2013 - 3/11/2013
2/26/2013 - 3/4/2013
8/22/2012 - 8/28/2012
8/12/2012 - 8/21/2012
7/26/2012 - 8/11/2012
7/29/2012 - 8/4/2012
7/22/2012 - 7/28/2012
6/21/2012 - 6/27/2012
5/11/2012 - 5/20/2012
4/24/2012 - 5/10/2012
3/24/2012 - 4/9/2012
3/20/2012 - 3/26/2012
2/24/2012 - 3/11/2012
2/27/2012 - 3/4/2012
2/11/2012 - 2/19/2012
1/25/2012 - 2/10/2012
1/21/2012 - 1/27/2012
1/12/2012 - 1/20/2012
11/22/2011 - 11/28/2011
11/13/2011 - 11/21/2011
9/13/2011 - 9/22/2011
8/27/2011 - 9/12/2011
8/30/2011 - 9/5/2011
8/23/2011 - 8/29/2011
8/13/2011 - 8/22/2011
6/26/2011 - 7/12/2011
6/29/2011 - 7/5/2011
Possessive Pronouns - ضمایر ملکی
Greetings = Salam
آموزش زبان 1
مقاله درباره حقوق بشر
فرق بین some,any
گرامر یا دستور
present continuous tense
simple present tense
simple past tense
Identifying people by accupation
past continuous tense
Demonstrative Adjectives - صفات اشاروی
Introductions and courtesies
مقاله درباره مقام معلم
passive and active
Possessive Adjectives - صفات ملکی
Day and month of the calender
عکسهای از بچهای قدوس آباد
Talking about languages
مقاله درباره افغانستان
مکالمه روزمره انگلیسی
حروف کوچک: Small letters
فرق بین few,little
Talking about objects and people
Talking about activities
Asking about age
Talking about daily activities
Talking about yesterday’s activities
Meeting a friend
Eid Mubarak (2)
اخبار انگلیسی (2)
ليستي از 50 لغت زيباي زبان انگليسي همراه با معني (1)
مقاله درباره تهران (1)
انجمن جوانان شهرک اسلام قلعه (1)
History of Aviation (1)
Mass Anti (1)
Government Protests Egypt (1)
مقالات زبان انگلیسی (1)
English News (1)
زمان آینده ساده (1)
کاربرد زمان آینده ساده (1)
usage of be going to (1)
تمام قواعد زمان حال جاری (1)
زمان گذشته جاری (1)
کاربرد گذشته جاری (1)
new interchange intro vocabulary (1)